La Ropa Tradicional MayaThis is a featured page

Maya Women’s Traditional Dress

TRAJE – Las mujeres Maya suele llevar ropa de muchos colores. Las mujeres Maya de Guatemala lleva traje, una combinación de un hupil, un corte, un rebozo, un delantal, y un xk'op.

HUIPIL – Una camisa suelta que lleva las mujeres Maya, sin mangas y adornada con vistosos bordados.

CORTE – Una falda que lleva las mujeres Maya, que llega hasta los tobillos y que se lleva con una FAJA.

REBOZOS – Una tela que lleva las mujeres Maya, que se usa para cargar un bebe, fruta, o compras. También se usa para cargar algo en la cabeza.

DELANTAL – a decorated apron

JEWELRY – small, silver or gold, round hoops for earrings and, in some areas, necklaces made from glass beads

PAÑUELO – a handkerchief

XK'OP – A colorful belt that is a good twenty meters long. It is wrapped around a woman's head and looks like a very thick brimmed hat with no crown.

CINTAS – four- or five-foot-long colorful ribbons that are braided into their shiny, long, black hair

La Ropa Tradicional Maya - El que habla dos lenguas vale por dos

La Ropa Tradicional Maya - El que habla dos lenguas vale por dos

Mayan women have been weaving for centuries. When the Spaniards arrived, they were astounded by the brightly colored dress of the Mayas. Mayan women traditionally wear TRAJE, which is a combination of:

HUIPIL – A skillfully woven, multicolored blouse. The huipil is a distinct work of art, woven or embroidered, that may take months to complete. It is distinguished by its design, style, pattern and concept. It varies according to region and individual creativity or taste. Although there are certain colors and designs that are traditionally associated with a particular Mayan village, each huipil is woven individually on a backstrap loom. No two huipiles are identical. Huipiles are woven on back-strap looms. Two equal panels are sewn together. A neck hole is cut out. Then the huipil is embroidered. Finally the sides are stitched together and the huipil is ready to wear.

CORTE – a woven wraparound skirt that reaches to the ankles, and is held together by faja (sash) at the waist. The corte, which is woven on a treadle or footloom, is composed of about five yards of material that is wrapped several times around a woman's lower body. The corte involves ikot. Ikot, to simplify a very complicated process, is a dyeing technique like tie dying only the tread is dyed before the cloth is woven. The cortes, however, generally are not distinctive. When the conquistadors arrived, men also wore colorfully woven apparel, but this is true only in certain areas today. Traditionally, one could guess the village of origin by the colors and design of the huipil that a Mayan woman wore. For instance, a bright huipil of predominantly orange and red, interwoven with various minor colors such as green and blue, with a specific geometric pattern, identifies the wearer as a woman from San Antonio Aguascalientes. There is proof through pre-Columbian representations that this was a tradition in place long before the conquistadors ever set foot in the Americas.

REBOZO – An all-purpose cloth or shawl. They serve all kinds of needs from raincoat to baby-carrier, to shopping bag, to dishrag. They act as padding when carrying things on their head. Young woman will coyly hide behind them if some cute young man looks their way.

DELANTAL – a decorated apron

JEWELRY – small, silver or gold, round hoops for earrings and, in some areas, necklaces made from glass beads

HEADDRESS – Women also wear some form of headdress, such as:

PAÑUELO – a handkerchief

XK'OP – A colorful belt that is a good twenty meters long. It is wrapped around a woman's head and looks like a very thick brimmed hat with no crown.

CINTAS – four- or five-foot-long colorful ribbons that are braided into their shiny, long, black hair.

TRAJE, or traditional clothing, has deep cultural significance for the Mayas. It represents a tie to the past and to their ancestors. For historic, political and economic reasons, it is mostly women who are the bearers of this tradition. The daily lives of Mayan women of Guatemala represent the continuance of the customs and traditions of the ancestors. They also represent new survival strategies as they face challenges brought on by shifting political, economic, social and natural factors. One may say that they adopt from their ancestors what is necessary for survival while looking for alternative ways to adapt to changing circumstances. Their lives vary greatly, depending on their particular socioeconomic or political status, the regions in which they live, the time period, their religion, the personal decisions that they make and other factors. However, speaking in general terms, Mayan women's everyday lives are a struggle for survival against poverty, hunger, discrimination and violence from within and without. They are on their feet daily from dawn to dusk, tending to a multitude of domestic tasks. However, they also keep their eyes on the future. At times, however, their traditional ways come into conflict with modern Ladino society, and Mayas are obliged to make difficult choices.


SenoraFalk
SenoraFalk
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